Dental book

growth hormone hindi mein

Growth Hormone:

-growth hormone kya hai?
- Growth hormone ke kya action hain?
- growth hormone ke applied aur clinical condition kya hai?
- gigantism aur adwarfism kya hai?


growth hormone Ek Prakar ka protein hormone hai, ye hormone anterior pitutary se banta hai. 

growth hormone kab badhta hai:

iski Matra badhati Hai

- Sone ke Waqt.

- stress ki vajah se.

- Khali pet ya starvation se.

- exercise se.

- aur glucose ki Matra kam hone se Jisko hypoglycemia Kahate Hain.

- high protein level blood mein rakhne se.

 Yad rakhne ke liye ek cricketer ka udaharan Lete Hain cricketer exercise karta hai, khali pet Rahana padta hai, meetha aur Tala Hua khana kam khana khata hai fit rehne ke liye aur diet mein protein zyada leta hai. 

Growth hormone kam kab hota hai:


Growth hormone ki Matra kam karne ke liye iska ulta Sab ho jaega
- motapa.

- Jada Tala Hua khana ya high fat intake.

- Jyada Meetha khana ya hyperglycemia.

- aur pregnancy mein inki Matra kam Ho Jaati 

Hai growth hormone ko badhane ke liye hypothalamus Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone (GnRH) banta hai, aur iski Matra kam hone ke liye Growth Hormone Inhibiting Hormone (GHIH) Uski Matra kam karta hai 
yaad rahe yah dono Hi hypothalamus Se bante Hain. 


Growth hormone actions ya functions:


 ke main action yah function kya hai pahla

- growth ya badhna promote Karega lagbhag Har tissue,

- part aur metabolism ko effect karta hai,

- lactogenic action Jo breast ke milk Banta Hai.

growth:

- lagbhag har bone mein Unki lambai badhta hai ya linear growth badhata hai.

- Bone Mein osteoblastic activity Ko badhata Hai osteoblast aise cell Hote Hain Jo haddiyon Mein nai bone banane ka kam karte hai, aur osteoclast bone ko cut kake shape dete hain.

- cartilage ko convert kar deta hai bone mein to iski vajah se bone ki Matra bhi badh Jaati Hai.

- cartilage Mein condrocytes ka number badhati hai Taki ya chondrocytes ko ki Matra zyada hone se aur activity zyada hone se nayi cartilage banti hai.

-  nayi cartilage banne ki wajah se epiphyseal plate badh jati hai jiski wajah se bone ki lambai badh jati hai .

Metabolism:

 metabolism mein protein metabolism, fat metabolism, carbohydrate or mineral metabolism Sab par kaam
 karti hai. 

1.Proteins:

 protein Mein anabolic effect dikhta hai matlab iska yah size aur quantity aur badhata hai aur kahin agar catabolic likha Jaaye to uska matlab todta hai usko kam karna hai lekin yahan per hamen anabolic effect Dikhta Hai Matlab yah protein ka synthesis hoga.

- amino  acid cell ke andar Jyada ghus Jaenge protein ki sankhya badh Jayegi ribosomes ke dwara aur yah transcription aur translation ko badhayega. 

2. Fat metabolism:

 fat metabolism mein fat ko todega, fat ko energy keliye use Karega ise Kahate Hain lippolysis.
 Fat tissue tutne ke vajah se jyada free fatty acids release hogi aur vo energy ke body istemal karti hai. Aur free fatty acids ki matra blood mein badh jayegi. 

3. Carbohydrate:

 Mein humein diabetogenic action Kaha jata hai iska matlab yah blood sugar ko bataega.
- gluconeogenesis dwara Hoga gluconeogenesis matlab nai glucose banenge.

- yah glucose cell ke andar Jyada use Honge, Unki entry cell ke andar badh Jayegi.

- glycogen convert hoke glucose banjayega.

- blood Mein glucose ki Matra bhagata rahata hai.

4. Minerals:

- minerals jaise calcium ki absorption GIT Se Badh jayegi.

- aur Kidneys se calcium, sodium, phosphate, aur potassium ki Absorption ko bhi Badha deta hai.

- Kyunki yah sari minerals bones ki mineralization mein kam aaenge. 

5. lactogenic action:

 breast milk ko badhega ya enhance Kar Dega, prolactin hormome Ki Tarah.

 Applied: 


Applied matlab kis clinical condition Mein growth hormone ke badhne yakam hone ke effect dekhenge.
Yah to kam secretion Hogi growth hormone ki to use hypothyroidism Kaha Jaega ya fir zyada secretion Hogi jisse Hyperthyroidism Kaha jaega. 

1. Hypersecretion growth hormone Mein Do condition Hai Gigantism aur Acromegaly.

Gigantism:


 Agar growth hormone ka hypersecretion hua hai ya zyada banta hai us condition mein gigantism milta hai.

- Jab bacchon mein growth hormone zyada banta hai kisi bhi karan, Unki haddiyan Jodi Nahin Hai epiphysis ki.

- cartilage fuse nahin hui hai to uski vajah se growth hormone ke action un haddiyon ki Lambai badh jati hai.

- bacche ki hight bahut lambi Hogi 7 feet ke aaspaas ho sakti hai ya 8 feet tak.

- face ke features bahut Bade Honge.

- males mein aapko gynecomastia ya breast enlargement dikhata hai. Yeah isliye hota hai Kyunki body Mein oestrogen ki Matra badh Jaati Hai, sath hi sex Libido kam ho jata hai, importance matlab erectile dysfunction dekhne ko mil sakta hai.

- aur diabetes Hogi Kyunki blood sugar badh jayega growth hormone ke action ke vajah se sath mein Inki haddiyan kamjor Hogi zyada lambe hone ke karand.

- Jiski vajah se fracture Kafi Hote rahte hain. read ki haddi ya spine Aage Ki Taraf joki Hogi  jise kyphosis Kaha jata hai. 

Acromegaly:


- Agar growth hormone ki secretion Jyada badh Jaaye lekin bones ki fusion ho chuki hai. Jaise adults Mein Bade Logon mein.

- Isko Yad karne ke liye aap Khali Ka Chehra Yad rakhen.

- niche jaw ya jabda aur age nikal jata hai Hota Hai jise prognathism Kahate Hain.

- growth hormone ke action ki vajah se sinus bade ho Jaenge face skull bone ke aur eyebrow ka bahar ki taraf
  protrude hone lag jaega.

- naak ki  Jyada chauda ho jata hai Kyunki naak ki cartilage ki growth badh jati hai, growth hormone ke action ki vajah se.

- Sare organ Bade Ho Jaate Hain Jise oregano megaly Kaha jata hai ismein cardiomegaly( heart ka bada size hona, hepatomegaly liver ka bada size hona, renomegaly kidney ka badha size hona Milta Hai. 

-gynecomastia breast ka badha hona males main, loss of libido ya sex ki desire kam hona features Bhi mil sakte hain kyphosis ke sath.

- Hath aur pair mein haddiyon ki enlargement hone ki vajah se acral abnormality Kaha jata hai. yeh spade shape Ho Jaati Hai कुदाल ki tarah. 

2. Hyposecretion growth hormone jiska matlab hai growth hormone kam ban raha hai kam hone ki vajah se dwarfism Dikhta Hai.

Dwarfism: 

- yahan height choti ho jati hai 4 se 5 ft tak.

- Growth hormon ke kam banne se fat kam toota hai jiski wajah se gool matol body ho jati hai jise plumpness
kehta hai.

- Haath paar ki ungli choti hojati hai growth hormone ke kam banne se.

- Sex organs jaise penis testis males mein, females mein breast, vagina clitoris bade aur mature nahin lagte.

- lekin yaha mental level par koi kami nahin milti jiski wajah se normal mental function milte hai lekin thyroid hormone kam hone par height kam ho jati hai aur mental activity kam oti hai kunki thyroid hormone CNS banne kel liye bahut zaroori hain.
- blodd cells kam ho sakte hain jaise RBC, WBC.

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कृपया यहाँ टिप्पणी करें और हमें बताएं कि आपने विषय कैसे पाया और सुधार के लिए अपने सुझाव दें।